In the early 1970s a musical genre was born in the crime-ridden neighborhoods of the South Bronx. Gifted teenagers with plenty of imagination but little cash began to forge a new style from spare parts.
Hip-hop and Rap music originated from this background of hardship, drugs and gang-related violence African-American youths faced unemployment and lived in conditions close to poverty during the 1970s and 1980s.
Hip-hop is the voice of a generation that refused to be silenced by urban poverty, a local phenomenon fueled with so much passion and truth it could not help but reach the entire world.
Like every musical genre that came before, hip-hop has its pioneers, artists who were essential in defining and popularizing the art form. DJs started off playing for private parties and instead of playing whole songs, played short fragments, percussion breaks and started to sample different types of polyrhythmic music. Visionary DJs residing in New York City such as Kool Herc, Grandmaster Flash, and Afrika Bambataa molded the new sound into a definable genre of music, which soon evolved into a urban sub-culture, which included rapping, beatboxing, scratching, graffiti, and breakdancing.
At neighborhood block parties, popular soul, funk or disco songs were played, eventually with the percussion breaks isolated and repeated over and over again to facilitate dancing. Over time, rappers began rapping in sync with the beats, and modern hip hop was born.
In the mid-1970s, hip hop split into two camps. One sampled disco and focused on getting the crowd dancing and excited, with simple or no rhymes, on the other hand, another group were focusing on rapid-fire rhymes and a more complex rhythmic scheme.
In the 1980-s the simple tales of emcees were replaced by highly metaphoric lyrics rapping over complex, multi-layered beats. The mid-1980s saw a flourishing of the first hip hop artists to achieve mainstream success.
In general Hip hop music can be divided into three eras. The old school hip hop era, from 1970 to 1984, spanned from the beginning of hip hop until its emergence into the mainstream. (as a musiac it is relatively simple in its rhythms and cadences).
The golden age of hip hop, from 1985 to 1993, derivative of old school hip hop and consolidated the sounds of the East Coast (also referred to as New York hip hop (as New York considered to be the birthplace of hip hop) has played an instrumental role in hip hop history) and the West Coast (originated in California). It began with Run-DMC’s album Raising Hell in 1986 and ended with the popularity of Dr. Dre’s album The Chronic in late 1992. It was characterized by ubiquitous soul and funk samples and Afrocentric lyrics. With time hip hop transitioned into the modern era with the rise of gangsta rap and G-funk. During the Modern era of hip hop, from 1993 to the present day, hip hop music becoming one of the most popular and successful forms of American music.
The reemergence of New York as a growing entity in mainstream hip hop soon spawned an inevitable confrontation between the East Coast and West Coast and their respective Major Labels. And so the East Coast-West Coast rivalry grew between the East Coast's Bad Boy Records and the West Coast's Death Row Records. The result of it unfortunately in the still unsolved deaths of Tupac Shakur and Notorious B.I.G..
So lately gangster rap became the most commercially lucrative subgenre of hip hop. It poetize in its lyric the lifestyles of inner-city criminals.
In the year 2000, The Marshall Mathers LP by Eminem sold over nine million copies in the United States, and Nelly's debut LP sold over six million copies. A little later he sudden breakthrough success of the hard-edged 50 Cent hardcore hip hop returned to the pop charts.
In total hip hop culture had a grat social impact on music and fashion in USA and other countries. Contemporary hip hop fashion includes the wearing of baggy jeans slung low around the waist, gold or platinum chains and boots or a fresh pair of kicks (sneakers), and bandanas or doo rags tied around the head. Also it must be mentioned that Hip hop has probably encountered more problems with censorship than any other form of popular music in recent years, due to the use of sexually and violently explicit lyrics.
The widespread success of hip hop lately - specifically gangsta rap - has also had a significant social impact on the behavior of modern youth. The sometimes egotistic and degenerate attitudes often portrayed in the lyrics and videos of certain hip hop artists have shown negative effects on some of their idolizing fans.
Right now hip hop is a style that has a lot of its own followers and fans alll around the world. Every branch of it have bright representatives and stars in today’s scene. Hip hop and rap culture gained its popularity among the different kinds of people and its popularity continue to grow.